We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more Italian Renaissance Learning Resources - The National Gallery of Art

Italian Renaissance Learning Resources

In collaboration with the National Gallery of Art

A New World of Learning


1. Niccolò Machiavelli, in John R. Hale, ed. and trans., The Literary Works of Machiavelli with Selections from the Private Correspondence (New York: Oxford University Press, 1961), 139, cited in Dora Thornton, The Scholar in His Study: Ownership and Experience in Renaissance Italy (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997), 32.

2. Leon Battista Alberti, Anuli, quoted in Patricia Lee Rubin, Images and Identity in Fifteenth-Century Florence (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007), 93.

3. Leon Battista Alberti, On Painting, trans. John R. Spencer (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966), 63.

4. Anthony Grafton, ed., Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library and Renaissance Culture (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, in association with Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, Vatican City, 1993), 53.

5. Giovanni Orlandi, Aldo Manuzio editore: dediche, prefazioni, note ai testi (Milan: Il polifilo, 1975), 2: 233.

6. Francesco Colonna, Hypnerotomachia Poliphili [The Strife of Love in a Dream] (London: Thames & Hudson, 1999), 262.

7. Machiavelli, in Hale, Literary Works of Machiavelli, 139, cited in Thornton, Scholar in His Study, 32.

8. Quoted by Stephen Campbell, The Cabinet of Eros: Renaissance Mythological Painting and the Studiolo of Isabella d’Este (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), 29.

9. Creighton E. Gilbert, ed. and trans., Italian Art, 1400–1500: Sources and Documents (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980), 172–73.

10. Jane Martineau, ed., Andrea Mantegna, exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts, London, and Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Milan: Electa, 1992), 429.

11. Gilbert, Italian Art, 1400–1500, 168.